Crocosmia Facts
Some Crocosmia Facts you may find useful

Crocosmia come mainly from South Africa but they also exist in Malawi, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, Mozambique, Lesotho, Madagascar and Tanzania.

The Common Montbretia, (Crocosmia x crocosmiiflora) was the first hybrid Crocosmia
and was bred in France in 1879 by Victor Lemoine of Nancy.

The plant Montbretia was named after Antoine Fran's Ernest Conquebert de Monbret,
a botanist who accompanied Napoleon on his Egypt campaign in 1798.

Crocosmia, (kro-KOS-mee-ah), is so named because the dried leaves smell of saffron when rubbed, and after the Greek words, krokos for saffron and osme for smell

The Common Montbretia (Crocosmia x crocosmiiflora) was bred by crossing
Crocosmia pottsii (a species that grows near streams) with Crocosmia aurea (a woodland species).

This is why most Montbretia prefer a little shade, lots of water, organic matter and nutrients.

Most hybrids bred before the second world war were
Montbretia Hybrids (Crocosmia x crocosmiiflora)

Montbretia bear much larger flowers if grown in pots with plenty of organic matter and feed,
and they make superb specimen plants for containers on the patio.

Some Crocosmia are pollinated by South African sunbirds in the wild.

On the west coast of the USA they have become an invaluable plant for attracting hummingbirds
into peoples gardens, they provide hummingbirds with a rich source of nectar.

In the UK the bright colours of Crocosmia also attract hoverflies to the garden.
Hoverflies are a natural predator, and like the ladybird, eat aphids and greenfly.

Crocosmia leaves should be left on after flowering and not cut back to the ground as the old leaves will protect new emerging shoots from frost and hedgehogs will also hibernate in the
old leaves which they roll around themselves to form a ball.

The Common Montbretia and a few other varieties have given the genus a bad reputation because they spread so vigorously and have become weeds throughout the world. Other vigorous spreaders are some horticultural forms of Crocosmia pottsii including 'Red King' and 'Red Star', Crocosmia x crocosmiiflora 'Meteore' and Crocosmia 'Marcotijn'
which is usually sold as Crocosmia masoniorum.

Far more Crocosmia hybrids are extinct than survive in cultivation. However, if we try and find out the names of what we do have. More Crocosmia hybrids may be brought back into cultivation.

This page is borrowed, with the kind permission of David Fenwick.

Crocosmia 'Little Redhead'.

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Carol White | Reply 07.08.2016 17.17

Do they bloom more than once a season?

Lauri Fox 07.08.2016 21.43

Hi Carol, No they only bloom once a season.

Lesley Lamb | Reply 22.07.2016 14.00

Hi Mark, sorry not sure of name. Have left them in your back. Will collect bucket when next go to co op. Regards lesley

mark fox 24.07.2016 18.20

Hi Lesley..... It is called crocosmia x crocosmiiflora. Thank you very much for dropping it round. I will leave the bucket under the bench near back door :)

Lesley Lamb | Reply 22.07.2016 09.14

Hi there, will bring them up a little later, when l am feeling human !

Lesley Lamb | Reply 21.07.2016 17.18

Just dug up a ton of crocosmia, they dont seem to flower much but were spreading into next doors garden. I am just down the road from you are they any use to u

Mark Fox 21.07.2016 23.29

Hi Lesley
Yes please...... have you any idea what they are?????? Thanks Mark

alex | Reply 17.05.2016 22.09

thank you for the great facts about the Crocosmia Flower.

Lynne Terrett | Reply 16.10.2015 17.09

If you dig up a lump of Crocosmia Lucifer bulbs, are ALL the bulbs viable or only the ones at the top? All bulbs are good condition, not soft or rotted.

lauri fox 29.10.2015 19.11

Hi Lynne, Onlyreplant the top 2 corms in the stack the rest are not viable, bin them as they will only rot.

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Latest comments

07.10 | 20:37

If you go to the section called *crocosmia for sale* that is where they are.

07.10 | 20:31

Please send me your list of available Crocosmias.

02.10 | 17:58

I have sent you an email David.

30.09 | 13:49

when they start new growth feed them a balanced feed and keep mulched to retain moisture. they need to be kept moist during their growing period to bloom.

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